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(Pop:1850) is a town and seaport in the Southland region, on the southern
coast of the South Island of New Zealand. It is the southern-most town in
New Zealand and despite Slope Point being further to the south, is
colloquially used to refer to the southern extremity of the country
(particularly in such phrases as "from Cape Reinga to The Bluff").
The Bluff area, while itself not settled by
Māori, was one of the earliest areas of New Zealand where a European
presence became established. This is the foundation for the claim that this
makes Bluff the oldest permanent European settlement in the country. However
the missionary settlement at
Kerikeri was both earlier and larger and
the town is now larger than that of Bluff.
The Bluff Maritime Museum contains an
extensive collection of models, boats, artefacts, displays, a working triple
expansion engine and a full sized oystering boat, The Monica.
There are no passenger train or rail services from Bluff to Invercargill, Queenstown, Te Anau, Dunedin or Christchurch